Otocinclus, the Wonder Cat!
The most common nuisance in a typical aquarium is the ever-abundant fiend known as algae. It can grow on your plants, blocking light and stifling growth. It can grow on glass and block the view of the world you have created. It will grow if you give it a place to live. Short of periodically scrubbing every inch of your aquarium, or not allowing a single glimmer of light into your tank, what can be done to ward off this tormentor? The Otocinclus is your aquatic lawnmower and best friend.
The Otocinclus is a dwarf sucker-mouth catfish that only grows to be about 2 inches long. The Otocinclus is a tiny, lovable catfish that loves to eat algae from your aquarium, glass, and other decor. They are not known for eating aquatic plants. This little guy is a specialist in soft green algae. It can be hard to spot this algae without paying attention. The otocinclus can eat it before it grows out of control. The best part is that they are generally priced reasonably for what they do: usually anywhere from $1.99 to $5.99 per unit.
This little gem should be kept in peaceful tanks. Otocinclus are very healthy and can be kept with fry or even tiny dwarf shrimp. They are at their best when they can school with others of their own kind. When stressed they will travel in a pack foraging for food. This behavior is most often seen when they are first introduced to their tank. Once they feel comfortable, they won’t be afraid to settle in and will start schooling less frequently.
Experienced aquarists will tell you that Otocinclus are a very resilient fish. They don’t often contract common illnesses that plague other fish. Their biggest weakness is their inability to get enough food during handling.
Unfortunately, Otocinclus are not spawned in aquariums very often. Wild caught specimens will usually be what you get from your pet shop. As with other wild caught sucker-mouth catfish, this makes for a perfect storm. Otocinclus can be collected by the hundreds and taken to a warehouse, where they will remain for a few more days before being shipped out. They arrive at a wholesaler where a few hundred of them are put into a bare-bottom aquarium with no decoration and poor lighting. This means that virtually no algae grows in the tank. Algae wafers are supplied, however, the sheer number of Otocinclus is too many to feed correctly. They should arrive at your local pet shop within a week. The store will place them in a nice tank and provide food. However, it is hard to keep them fed as most pet stores have several dozen Otocinclus. It is strange because they don’t have nearly as many plecostomus in one tank.
Don’t worry – even through all that stress, Otocinclus can still thrive in your aquarium. These are some simple tips to increase your pet’s survival rate.
First, make sure you have algae in the tank for them to pig out on when you get them home. After a couple weeks of poor feeding, they’re plenty hungry! The best way to accomplish this is to have a quarantine tank and simply leave the light on for a week or so until you have algae growing all over the place.
Next, buy these fish the day after they come in to your pet store. This goes against conventional wisdom which says that you want to buy a fish that has been at the pet store longer to prove their longevity and lessen the shock of being transported too soon after arrival. Given that Otocinclus are typically grouped together in such abundant numbers – and are often put into tanks that can’t produce algae as fast as they can consume it – you want the stronger fish separated from the rest as soon as possible. Sometimes it is difficult to determine which fish have been around for the longest. It is important to take your Otocinclus back home, and to acclimate them in your quarantine aquarium that has been growing algae for the anticipation of their arrival. As they will already have a home-cooked meal, this will reduce their hunger pangs.
Otocinclus are best suited for peaceful community setups. Given their size and timid nature, they are easily out-competed for food. Make sure you have algae for them to eat before adding them to your aquarium and you’ll be amazed at the algae-control one little fish can provide. Give this dwarf catfish a try and it’ll surely win you over. I know I couldn’t live without them!